Risk Assessment and Management Assignment schoolwork
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Risk Assessment and Management Assignment schoolwork
Risk Assessment and Management is an approach to improve quality in healthcare that places special emphasis on identifying circumstances, such as direct and indirect patient care processes, buildings, equipment, occupants, and internal physical systems, which put patients, staff, and other people coming to KAMC at risk of harm, and then acting to prevent or control those risks. The aim is to both improve quality of care for patients and to reduce the costs of such risks for healthcare providers.
All human activities carry a measure of risk and their success or failure depends on their management. Risk Assessment and Management ensures the following:
- Reduce patient harm and discontent.
- Prevent poor use of staff, time and money.
- Making staff aware that there is a spectrum of outcome.
- Improves morale by making organization more safety conscious.
- Ranking of risks.
- Protection from legal responsibility and litigation.
- Protection from bad publicity.
- More precise and justifiable decision making, and most importantly for Patient Safety
The Plan for Risk Assessment and Management provides a systematic, coordinated and continuous approach to the maintenance and improvement of patient safety through the establishment of mechanisms that support effective responses to:
- Near misses.
- Actual occurrences.
- Medical and healthcare errors.
- Adverse events.
- Integration of patient safety priorities into the new design and redesign of all relevant organization systems, processes, and functions.
Patient care is a coordinated and collaborative effort, and the methodology to optimal patient safety involves multiple departments and disciplines in establishing the plans, processes and mechanisms that encompass the patient safety activities at KAMC-CR. The Plan for Risk Assessment and Management was developed by the Risk Management Unit and Director Quality Management, and it outlines the elements of the organizational Patient Safety Program.
The Risk Management unit plays a fundamental role in investigation of Sentinel events and conduction of Root Cause Analysis (RCA) as members of the Sentinel Event Review Committees (SERC)
Sentinel event is described as “an unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical or psychological injury, or the risk thereof. Serious injury specifically includes loss of limb or function. The phrase “or the risk thereof” includes any process variation for which a recurrence would carry a significant chance of a serious adverse outcome.”
Root Cause Analysis (RCA) is a process for identifying the basic or causal factors of an adverse event. A root cause analysis focuses primarily on systems and processes, not on individual performance
Key elements of RCA:
- Prevention, not blame or punishment (cornerstone: no one comes to work to make a mistake or hurt someone)
- System level vulnerabilities rather than individual performance such as:
- Education & Training
- Regulations/Rules/Policies & Procedures
Who is responsible for conducting an RCA?
A multidisciplinary committee comprising of physicians, nurses, Quality Management staff and others, on need basis.
Safety Reporting System
When a patient incident takes place, studies show that dealing with the situation quickly can dramatically improve the patient’s outcome and safety
The Electronic Safety Reporting System (SRS) is the first web-based incident and adverse event management system at NGHA that makes it easy to submit, refine, analyze and communicate critical incident information about patients, staff, family members and visitors and/or the loss of or damage to property.
The Safety Reporting system (SRS) is going to help us to assess process/system failures and identify ways in which we can reduce adverse incidents from recurring. SRS is a non-punitive system and is not a method of blaming any particular individual/service. Any NGHA-staff can use it to report an incident
Risk Management (RMU)
The risk management unit is responsible to identify the risks in all KIMARC processes and facilities. It also oversight the implementation of control plans to avoid, transfer or minimize the risks impact on the research center and that will enhance the research center efficiency.
Functions of Risk Management Unit
- Implement Risk Management System in KAIMRC
- Developing and implementing risk management plan
- Conduct Risk assessments
- Plan and implement corrective action to eliminate risks in KAIMRC
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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