Politics And Social Media on The Electoral College Debate
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Politics And Social Media: The Electoral College Debate
Respond to one of the following alternatives in your first post, and name the beginning of your post with either Option 1 or Option 2:
Option 1: Describe how social media has been used in recent presidential races as a campaign tool. Do you think social media is an effective tool? Give an explanation for your response. Do you consider social media to be a failed tool? Give reasons for your answer and examples.
Option 2: The Electoral College has been the subject of countless debates. Some people want the electoral college to be abolished, while others want it to remain in place. What are your thoughts? Should the electoral college be kept or should it be abolished? Give justifications for your decision.
Make links between your ideas and conclusions and the research, concepts, words, and theory we’ve been talking about this week.
Requirements for Writing
A minimum of two postings is required (1 initial & 1 follow-up)
At least two sources must be referenced (offered readings/online lessons, as well as an outside source).
For in-text citations and a list of references, use the APA format.
You can refer to the lesson for more information (attached)
President George Washington warned against political parties seizing power. Indeed, the founders of the United States Constitution were concerned about factions (parties) that incorporated interest groups and their major role as democratic instruments. In an ideal world, political parties would unite majorities around unique rules of administration in order to gain public office, and then they would be able to enact these laws while in office. A responsible parties’ model is the name given to this outcome. However, this is not the case in our government today. Instead, the Republican and Democratic parties have become increasingly ideologically divided over time. Our country has devolved into a split government, with one party controlling the executive branch and either distinct parties controlling the House and Senate, or one party controlling both. This is why it appears that virtually little changes and politics goes on as usual.
In today’s elections, our candidates do the majority of the fundraising, leaving political parties with a limited role in campaigns. This isn’t to imply that political parties are powerless. In fact, they organize electoral (election) choice by lowering the number of eager office seekers who advance as our Democratic and Republican candidates (via investigations, quality checks, and other means). Despite the fact that our government is split, it appears to function most of the time.
So, how does one go about nominating a candidate?
Primaries and Nomination
Prior to the Progressive Era reforms, party officials would meet to choose a nominee. In electing Democratic and Republican nominees for government, primary elections have largely superseded conventions. Primary schools come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Only registered Republicans and Democrats are allowed to vote in closed primaries, whereas open primaries allow voters to choose their party on election day.
The presidential candidate must also compete in a “invisible primary,” in which he must garner as much support from his party as feasible. Because this is normally done behind closed doors and in private, it is known as the invisible primary.
Indirect primaries, in which voters choose convention delegates and the delegates determine the party’s candidate in the general election, and direct primaries, in which voters decide party nominations by voting directly for candidates, further complicate matters.
For presidential and most state elections, the general election is conducted in November, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday.
Let us now look at some of the key aspects of the American political system.
Transcript of the US Political System
Elections, Campaigns, and Voting
The foundation of American democracy is free elections. In municipal, state, and federal elections, voters can choose one candidate over another to occupy a political office or to retain a political office.
What are the qualifications for running for office?
Run Accordion Transcript Requirements
Who is running for public office? Previously, only white professional males ran for politics, but now we have women, African Americans, Native Americans, and Latinos competing for Congress and the presidency. Hillary Clinton, for example, came close to winning the presidential nomination in 2008 and won it in 2016, but she lost the election to President Donald Trump by a razor-thin margin. In 2008, President Barack Obama became the country’s first African-American president. He was elected in a historic vote!
Let us now turn our attention to the presidential race. The general election begins after the candidates have been nominated, which is normally done through a primary election. This is the most expensive and time-consuming portion of the election process. The presidential campaign is divided into three stages.
They must first be nominated by one of the two major political parties (Republican or Democrat). Second, during the national party convention, which is normally held in late summer, the nominee must be publicly named. This is the nominee’s first formal acknowledgement. The general election is the third step. This is the time for candidates to visit battleground states in order to earn the required 270 electoral votes to win the presidency. Candidates require funds for travel, television campaign advertisements, radio campaign advertisements, staffing, posters, banners, and other campaign materials in order to run for office. Campaign financing was unregulated in early American history, and no data on campaign spending was collected. This changed in the twentieth century, when federal anti-corruption laws made it possible to regulate political finance. The Hatch Act of 1939 curtailed public officials’ political activity, making it illegal for a political organisation to spend more than $3 million on a single campaign and limiting individual contributions to a campaign committee to $5000. The Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 repealed all previous rules and set limits on how much money could be spent on campaign advertising and how much money could be contributed to a candidate’s own campaign. It also mandated the disclosure of all contributions and costs above $100. The Federal Election Commission is made up of six bipartisan administrators whose primary responsibility is to ensure that the acts’ requirements are followed.
Politics and Money
The relationship between money and elections is a very contentious topic in American politics. Many people believe that the political system is dominated by major corporations and wealthy individuals. In 1974 and 1976, the FECA (Federal Election Campaign Act) gave businesses, labor unions, and other interest groups the ability to form political action committees (PACs) to raise donations for candidates. In each election, PACs can contribute up to $5,000 per candidate. Each firm or labor union is only allowed to run one PAC. Since the 1970s, the number of PACs has remained stable, and interest groups and activists have developed new ways to fund campaigns. Soft money, or campaign contributions to political parties that are not subject to federal or state election laws, became popular among interest groups and political action committees. Contributions to political parties for activities such as voter education and voter registration efforts are unrestricted. The parties were able to raise millions of cash from corporations and individuals because to this loophole.
Political campaigns are funded in two ways as of 2016:
One is money spent by the candidate’s own campaign committee. Individuals, as well as committees, can contribute up to $2,500 to a candidate in a single election.
Independent expenditures are the second option. In Citizens v FEC, the Supreme Court held in January 2010 that corporations, unions, and organizations may freely spend to support or oppose politicians as long as the expenditures are done independently of candidate campaigns. This decision gave birth to the Super PACs, a new type of political organization. This organization collects unrestricted contributions from individuals and organizations and then distributes the funds to independent spending. Wealthy people, rather than corporations or other organizations, frequently fund Super PACs.
Now it’s time to talk about voting! Why do people cast their ballots the way they do? There are three models that can be used to explain how individuals vote.
First, there’s the model of the prospective or responsible party. This model implies that a political party will keep its promises, and that voters will choose one party over another based on those pledges.
Second, the electoral competition voting model believes that the party with the most moderate position (i.e., the candidate who keeps his or her ideas closer to the center rather than straying to the extreme left or right) will prevail. The difficulty with this approach is that it can result in party schisms and deadlock. The environment, for example, is a major concern nowadays. A candidate can claim that an environmental issue does not exist, but that is extreme, and vice versa, a candidate can claim that we must eliminate everything that harms the environment, but that is also excessive. A politician who falls somewhere in the middle would accept the need to address environmental challenges while avoiding promises of radical action.
Third, there’s the retrospective voting model, which aims to reward or punish politicians based on their behavior while in government. The issue with this paradigm is that the candidate has already completed a full term. There’s also the median (middle) voter theory to consider. This occurs when a voter is undecided about whether to support liberal or conservative ideals. Instead, people tend to concentrate on what each candidate stands for, particularly in terms of healthcare, the environment, and employment.
The Constitution and the States
When it comes to voting, each state constitution has its own set of rules. The Fourteenth Amendment preserves the fundamental right to vote and prohibits governments from imposing restrictions on it. Individual state constitutions setting their own norms, on the other hand, has become a serious issue. Currently, voting policies and procedures under state authority demonstrate a tendency of inconsistency in voting rules. Every registered voter should be able to participate in the voting process. Voter identification and registration restrictions, as well as the machines used by some jurisdictions against those used by others, have all contributed to inconsistency. States and counties also design their own ballots and have nearly complete control over voting regulations and processes in their jurisdictions. For example, the state constitution of North Carolina states that felons do not have the right to vote when they are released from prison and that you must show a face id before voting, whereas the state constitution of New Hampshire states that felons have the right to vote after serving their sentence and that voter ids are also required. Some members of the House and Senate are advocating for a Right to Vote Amendment that would guarantee people’s constitutional right to vote. It also recognizes voting as a personal right, not just a state-granted privilege.
We talked about political parties, voting, campaigning, and elections this week. We looked at why our American government has a two-party system and how political parties affect our political system and elections. We looked at the basics of election procedures, such as how a candidate is nominated and how the president is elected through the electoral vote process. We also looked at how the US government compared to that of other countries.
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