Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Psychology and Everyday Life: Motivation and Emotion schoolwork
Lecture Notes 1
Psychology and Everyday Life: Motivation and Emotion
Today we embark on an adventure. The adventure is the relationship of how psychology can be applied to our everyday life and experiences. First, psychology needs to be defined. Merriam-Webster (2011, para. 1) states that it is the “science of mind and behavior” or “the mental or behavioral characteristics of an individual or group.” With this definition, we can begin to discover the many ways psychology is incorporated into who we are as an individual, how we navigate relationships, ideas surrounding mental health and wellness, and how we view the world around us. Within the next seven (7) weeks discussions and classroom assignments will involve these topics and ways for you to apply principles of positive psychology to your personal, professional, and academic experience. To that end, let us begin by highlighting what positive psychology is thought to be about in today’s terms, and proceeding to what constitutes motivation and how it impacts our emotional states.
According to Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi (2000, page 1, para 4), the field of positive psychology is about the positive subjective experiences of a human being. These may include “well-being, satisfaction (in the past), and contentment; hope and optimism (for the future); and flow and happiness (in the person)”. Not only can these intrinsic qualities be attached to an individual’s experiences, but they can be applied to communities as well. The essence of this new trend of thought is countering the medical model of dysfunction and disease in the realm of mental health. Basically what Selgiman and Csikxzentmihalyi are indicating is when we look for and apply the strengths we maintain as human beings these can produce the groundwork for positive motivation and change as an individual and the world we live in.
When we talk about motivation, the thought that may cross our minds is when we are motivated we are engaging in an activity to meet a certain goal or achieve a specific action. For example, Andy would like a new job and he is looking at various options he has to choose from. However this is not where the motivation actually began. The beginning of Andy’s motivation began years ago when he decided he wanted to become a firefighter and went to school to accomplish that goal.
When faced with a motivating factor such as Andy’s case, humans, in general either respond intrinsically or extrinsically. According to the Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (2011) an intrinsic motivator enables “competence, autonomy, and relatedness” or gives the individual a deep sense of satisfaction without any type of outside influence or incentive. On the other hand, an extrinsic motivator involves an “activity that leads to a separate outcome such as a reward, approval from others, or the avoidance of a punishment” (Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology, 2011, page 1, par 1). In both of these scenarios motivators can be either positive or negative. Going back to our example it is sometimes difficult to tease out the actual motivating factors that influence us into making a change such as what Andy is considering. What is more important to recognize is that there are motivators we encounter every day and that with each one, we can stop and consider choices.
States of Emotion
An emotional state is the way we react to certain stimuli and how we control or regulate it in a way that allows us to live life at in an acceptable manner. There are seven (7) emotions that we experience as human beings and according to the Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology (2011, para. 4) they are “biologically based psychological entities characterized by short-lived coherent patterns of perception, experience, physiology, and communicative action.” In other words, our biological makeup causes the brain to take in information that we perceive and associate it with our experiences either past or present. We then display a physical reaction to this process. These physical reactions cause a release of hormones, which occur to protect us from harm or to help us engage in positive action (Lazarus, 1991).
The concept of stress may conjure a negative image sometimes shown as a person whose hair is standing on end and their eyes are wide and wild looking. However, some stress is actually beneficial for us and goes back to our previous ideas of motivation and emotion. At a certain level of motivation we have a physical response called arousal. This arousal response is the primer to the body recognizing that it will need to take some type of action. We can liken this to a sprinter in a race. The sprinter is on the starting line and before they actually hear the starting gun go off they are alert and aware that this will take place. They may be sweating already, saliva initiating in the mouth, heart rate increasing, and so forth. Their reaction is all in anticipation of the stimulus (the gun going off) to begin a race. A trained runner understands this concept and knows how to tap into that energy to get the edge on the other runners. They may even mentally prepare themselves to be at that optimum level of stress arousal even before they are in the starting block (Janelle & Hatfield, 2008).
On the other hand and according to a survey conducted by the American Psychological Association (2007), Americans are in a “pressure cooker” of stress with 77% experiencing some form of negative physical response to the stressors they had been exposed to. Their findings also concluded that women are more susceptible to the negative effects of stress as are those who are single and those in lower economic status. Moreover, there is scientific evidence that stress over the long haul or chronic stress can be harmful to our mental state as well as our overall physical health. An article titled “Stress: It’s Worse Than You Think” (Carpi, 1996) suggests that stress can increase the amount of hormones such as dopamine and epinephrine that are released in the body and how these affect what is called neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters flow through every aspect of the body and with the hormonal input that stress may create can put strain on blood vessels supplying blood to the heart and as well as impact the overall immune system thus possibly disabling the body’s ability to fight infection. All in all, it is important to recognize stress and learn how to manage it more effectively.
Stress Management Self-Assessment
The Stress Management Self-Assessment (Stress Management, 1997) addresses possible health risks due to stressors the individual may have incurred over the past year. The basis of this assessment is founded on the research of Holmes and Rahe (1967) and the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. The instrument is not intended to identify medical disease or the propensity for a mental or physical issue. However, it allows individuals that take the assessment to think about their experiences and how they can take steps to reduce stress in their life or learn how to manage it more effectively if the stress cannot be resolved. As you move forward in the class you will learn ways to accomplish this action.
American Psychological Association. (2007). Stress in American. Retrieved August 19th, 2011, from http://search.apa.org/search?query=&facet=classification:Stress&limited=true§ion=pubs
Carpi, J. (1996). Stress. Psychology Today, (29), 1). Retrieved August 19th, 2011, from http://web.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=9&hid=12&sid=3f8aaccc-0595-4b09-bdf0-ef824744bce4%40sessionmgr10&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=9601043745
Emotion. In Encyclopedia of Psychology. Retrieved September 9th, 2011, from http://www.credoreference.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/entry/estappliedpsyc/emotion
Holmes, T. H., Rahe, R. H. (1967). The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, (11, 2). Retrieved August 19th, 2011, from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/detail?vid=3&hid=3&sid=05563918-9847-4746-add0-c74580c82d40%40sessionmgr11&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=psyh&AN=1968-03998-001
Intrinsic motivation and self-determination. In Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Retrieved September 9th, 2011, from http://www.credoreference.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/entry/estappliedpsyc/intrinsic_motivation_and_self_determination
Janelle, C. M., & Hatfield, B. D. (2008).Visual attention and brain processes that underlie expert performance: Implications for sport and military psychology. Military Psychology, (20), 39-69.DOI: 10.1080/08995600701804798 http://web.ebscohost.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/ehost/detail?vid=47&hid=9&sid=46ecbeb8-078c-4000-a29c-
Lazarus, R. S. (1991). Emotion and adaptation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Motivation and emotion: Biological bases. In Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Psychology. Retrieved September 9th, 2011, from http://www.credoreference.com.library.gcu.edu:2048/entry/hodderdpsyc/motivation_and_emotion_biological_bases
Psychology. (2011). In Merriam-Webster.com.. Retrieved September 9th, 2011, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/psychology
Seligman, M. E. P., Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology. American Psychologist, 55, 1. Retrieved September 9th, 2011 from Academic Search Complete database.
Stress management assessment. (1997). Stress management. Retrieved August 20th, 2011, from http://www.stress-management.net/stress-test.htm
© 2013. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Assignment Psychology for Life Paper
Due Date: Oct 08, 2017 23:59:59 Max Points: 100 Details:
Complete an interactive stress quiz located at one of these Stress Management websites:
Write a 500-750-word “Psychology for Life” Paper in GCU style. Please include two to three references from the readings or videos for this week. Apply appropriate citations in the body of the paper. Look at examples in the Writing Center or the Purdue OWL to assist you.
Use the questions below to help outline your paragraphs:
- What did the self-assessment tell you about your level of stress? Were you surprised by the results? Explain.
- How does stress impact the body? How do you recognize “signs” of stress?
- The readings for this Module discuss the relationship between motivation, emotion, and stress. After taking the quiz, do you have a new perspective on this dynamic? Describe some times that your motivation and emotion have been affected by stressors in your life.
- Describe two ways that you can change stress symptoms you notice.
- Describe how understanding the psychology of stress is applicable to everyday life. Discuss topics such as relationships with others, work, school, etc. How might understanding psychology help you in your everyday life?
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
Psychology in Everyday Life
- Describe motivation and states of emotion.
- Assess personal level of stress.
- Describe how psychology is integrated into aspects of everyday life.
Lecture Note1. PSY-100 Lecture 1
Read Lecture 1.
Electronic Resource1. Topic 1 Optional Readings
Utilize the attached document to supplement your learning for this topic.
PSY100.T1OptionalReadings.docx 2. Topic 1 Required Readings
Utilize the attached document to complete assignments and discussion questions for this topic.
Additional Material1. Psychology for Life Paper
Read “Psychology for Life Paper” document to complete the assignment.
This week we will be discussing stress and how it impacts our day to day lives.
A few things to note about this class:
- In your initial response to DQ1 and DQ2 each week you must have a reference each week (you will need to have an in text citation and list the source in proper format as a full reference at the end of the DQ)
- Pay special attention to announcements each week, as some weeks we have GCU style papers and others there may be power point presentations or worksheets due.
- You will need access to Microsoft PowerPoint for this class.
- There is a “final paper” for this class, due in week 6. This is a research paper that you will need to work on a little bit each week.
Here is your checklist for Week 1:
Print a copy of your syllabus and my contact information
Check out the Instructor Add Ons (yes, there is stuff in there for you!)
Post your Bio on the class wall and get to know your classmates!
Check into your Individual forum every time you log into class (this is where I message you if you are missing work)
Complete all course readings for week 1 (there is no e-book for this course)
- Post DQ#1 by Wednesday & DQ#2 by Friday
- Post substantive participation responses throughout the week (minimum of 2 posts on each of 4 separate days, for a total of at least 8 substantive participation posts)
- All in all, between your answers to DQ1 and DQ2, and your 8 participation posts you should have a total of at least 10 posts in the forum weekly.
Assignment due Sunday
- Psychology For Life Paper (MUST be in GCU style with properly formatted citations)
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME]and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.