Morality, Religion, and the Development of Virtue Ethics
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Prompts & Topics
Consider some of the prompts below to compare and contrast Aretaic ethics (virtue ethics) to the ethics of morality and religion.
Ethics of Virtue
List and discuss some of Aristotle’s key ideas about ethics.
Is it inherited or learned? Explain.
Explain what the words “good,” “happiness,” “completeness,” and “human function” mean.
What is the difference between a theoretical (thought) and a practical (character) approach to ethics?
What does it mean to call virtue an intermediate or mean state? How does one acquire virtue?
So, what exactly is a vice?
What is the genus of a character virtue?
What does it mean when we say that virtue seeks the mean?
According to Bernard Mayo, a morality of principles tends to focus on specific actions being right or wrong, whereas a morality of character keeps morality focused on the agent. A morality of duty (principles) and a morality based on character (virtue traits), according to Frankena, are complementary. ‘Character traits or dispositions that lack principles, on the other hand, are blind,’ says Frankena. Explain and debate
Alasdair MacIntyre believes that virtue is the foundation of morality. “Virtues are the proclivities to act and feel in specific ways.” MacIntyre, like Mayo, prioritizes historical exemplars over principles or rules. In this excerpt from his major work “After Virtue,” he discusses several instances in which various core virtues have historically served as the foundation of morality. Compare and contrast some of Aristotle’s, Aquinas’, Homer’s, Benjamin Franklin’s, Jane Austin’s, and the New Testament’s historical exemplars. What role do they play in confirming Aristotle’s views on virtue ethics and morality?
Religion & Morality
Is there a lack of justification for morality in the absence of God? If that isn’t the case, what justifies the alternative?
Is Ethics a self-contained study? Is God, if so, bound by the same moral code?
What is the Divine Command Theory, and how does it work? Discuss some of the issues and how they relate to the Euthyphro conundrum.
What is the autonomy thesis, and how does it work? What are some of the moral implications?
List and discuss some of Bertrand Russell’s arguments for why morality does not require God or an afterlife.
What evidence does James Rachel provide to support his claim that morality is incompatible with theism and our belief in God?
List and discuss some of C. Stephen Layman’s moral arguments for God’s existence in a critical manner.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. 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The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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