Moral Relativism in Philosophy and Other Issues
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Moral Relativism is a theory that holds that morality is relative.
Moral Relativism is a theory that holds that morality is relative.
Moral relativism is discussed in Section B of Chapter 8. (also called moral subjectivism). After reading the text and watching the video, explain what you think the moral relativist position is, explain any problems you see with accepting moral relativism, and then discuss at least two specific points from the Gilbert Harman reading in our text with which you agree or disagree, and why. Finally, do you consider yourself a moral relativist? Do you believe in moral relativism, or do you reject it? Make a case for your position. NB: While students frequently discuss cultural relativism, a subset of moral relativism, we will be discussing moral relativism in general rather than cultural relativism in this thread. Make sure to follow the instructions for making specific references to texts, videos, and podcasts in Unit 1 in the Discussion Forums: Protocol and Grading Criteria folder; posts that do not follow these instructions will not receive full credit. Works What is Ethical Relativism? is linked/cited. Philo-notes uploaded this video to YouTube on December 11, 2019. What is Ethical Relativism, and What Does It Mean? – PHILO-notes YouTube – Whiteboard Edition On the 3rd of June, 2020, I was able to get a hold
Board of Discussion
responsibilities to others
responsibilities to others
Egoism and altruism are discussed in Section C of Chapter 8. Peter Singer, who appears in the video below, is a contemporary utilitarian (altruistic) who believes that we should use our disposable income to help others, including the poor in other countries. Tara Smith, who you met in Chapter 8, talks about egoism, which is the opposite of altruism. Respond to the following questions after watching the video below and reading the Smith text in Chapter 8: What was one point in the video that particularly struck you, and why? What was one point in Smith’s reading that struck a chord with you, and why? Explain how you feel about egoism and altruism. Be specific; give reasons and examples to support your point of view (s). Make sure to follow the protocol and grading instructions in Unit 1 of the Discussion Forums. Criteria folder for making specific references to texts, videos, and podcasts; posts that do not reference texts, videos, or podcasts in accordance with these guidelines will not be given full credit. Peter Singer – Effective Altruism, an Introduction. is a linked/cited work. Science, Technology, and the Future uploaded this video to YouTube. Peter Singer – Effective Altruism, an Introduction – YouTube, 28 August 2014. On the 19th of August, 2020, I was able to get a hold of some information
The Trolley Issue
The Trolley Issue
The trolley problem, a well-known moral dilemma analyzed from a utilitarian perspective, is depicted in the video below.
The switch dilemma is a term used to describe the first version of the problem. This is based on the concept of a speeding trolley barreling down the tracks toward a group of five people who will be killed if the trolley continues on its current path. By pulling a switch and diverting the trolley onto a different set of tracks, you can save these five people. This switch also places the trolley on a different track with only one person on it; however, if you pull the switch, that person will be killed. Is it morally acceptable to divert the trolley in order to save five lives at the expense of one? Regardless of culture, gender, ethnicity, religion, or nationality, the majority of people say it is. Then there’s the “footbridge conundrum,” as it’s known. In this case, the trolley is heading for five people once more. You are, however, now standing on a footbridge that spans the tracks. A very fat man is leaning over the side of the bridge (fat enough to stop the trolley). You’re standing on the footbridge next to him when you realize the only way to stop the trolley and save the five people is to push him off the footbridge and onto the tracks. Is this morally acceptable? Regardless of culture, gender, ethnicity, religion, or nationality, the majority of people say it isn’t. Please respond to the following questions: What are your thoughts on these two cases from a moral standpoint? Justify your position with reasons (s). If you agree with the majority of people in both cases, what makes it acceptable to sacrifice one person in the switch dilemma but not in the footbridge case? What explanation do you offer if you disagree with the majority of people in these cases?
NB: In this thread, students frequently state what they would or would not do, what they could or could not do, and then explain their feelings about their decision (e.g., I would pull the lever in the first scenario, but I could never push the man off the bridge because I would feel too guilty.’) Or, if I didn’t have to touch anyone, I’d push the lever, but I couldn’t push the man off the bridge because I didn’t want to murder him directly.) A moral analysis, on the other hand, is a reasoned examination of why an action might be moral or immoral. While we do have emotional responses when deciding what to do, these responses do not allow us to reason about the morality of a particular action. So, don’t respond to the question “How would you feel about each scenario?” in your response. but rather, in each scenario, what would be the morally correct action?’ To avoid simply saying what you would or wouldn’t do, what you could or couldn’t do, start with something like ‘the morally right action in the first scenario is to do x because’….(justify what you claim is the morally right action), and ‘the morally right action in the second scenario is to do x because’.. (and again give your justification for what you claim is the morally right action). Make sure to follow the instructions for making specific references to texts, videos, and podcasts in Unit 1 in the Discussion Forums: Protocol and Grading Criteria folder; posts that do not follow these instructions will not receive full credit. And, just for kicks, here’s a scene from The Good Place that deals with the trolley issue: Works The Trolley Problem. Linked/Cited The Trolley Problem – YouTube, uploaded by Patrick Donovan on 7 February 2008. On the 15th of August, 2019, I was able to get a hold of some The Good Place. The Trolley Problem. The Trolley Problem | The Good Place | Comedy Bites – YouTube, uploaded by Comedy Bites on 28 January 2020. Date accessed: 28
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
GET THIS PROJECT NOW BY CLICKING ON THIS LINK TO PLACE THE ORDER
Do You Have Any Other Essay/Assignment/Class Project/Homework Related to this? Click Here Now [CLICK ME] and Have It Done by Our PhD Qualified Writers!!
Tired of getting an average grade in all your school assignments, projects, essays, and homework? Try us today for all your academic schoolwork needs. We are among the most trusted and recognized professional writing services in the market.
We provide unique, original and plagiarism-free high quality academic, homework, assignments and essay submissions for all our clients. At our company, we capitalize on producing A+ Grades for all our clients and also ensure that you have smooth academic progress in all your school term and semesters.
High-quality academic submissions, A 100% plagiarism-free submission, Meet even the most urgent deadlines, Provide our services to you at the most competitive rates in the market, Give you free revisions until you meet your desired grades and Provide you with 24/7 customer support service via calls or live chats.