Institutional Affiliation Military Culture Essay schoolwork
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Institutional Affiliation Military Culture Essay schoolwork
Running Head: MILITARY CULTURE 1
MILITARY CULTURE 7
Ideas and customs lead to a particular behavior of an individual or a society at large. Every workplace has a unique environment that differs from other surroundings mainly because of the services or products that they offer, for example, a hospital environment is very different from a banking environment because of the difference in culture and practices. The US military place has a different environment that leads to army personnel and their families to live a different life and have encounters that differ from other civilians (Redmond et al., 2015). Army personnel and their families are affected with challenges created by a military culture that calls for an intense working environment, and they are not to show any resilience. (Did you mean to write the word weakness?)
Natasha Jones, female African American military personnel who joined the army after making a tough decision, since the military requires self-sacrifice, and there are personal risks involved. The allegiance rate of black women sprung in the 1980s; by 1988, it had tripled that of the Hispanic and white women, and in early 2000 it had outpaced even those of black men (Melin, 2016). Many African Americans come from families with a long tradition of service, thus choose to join the military, but African Americans women tend to be more patriotic and courageous than men and women of other races. Natasha Jones, like all the other minority races in the military, she suffers health issues due to a variety of stressors leading to the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Within military populations, PTSD is one of the significant mental issues that has been labeled to be caused by stress and injuries while serving in the army. Natasha strictly follows the military culture, and she is not to demonstrate when something terrible happens to her to protect the military image. She suffers from military sexual trauma (MST) that is related to posttraumatic stress disorder.
Military sexual assault is a significant concern throughout the military service despite a fight to end it. Sexual abuse has been defined by the Department of Defense as; Intentional sexual contact characterized by the use of force, threats, intimidations, or abuse of authority when the victim cannot consent (Castro, Kintzle, Schuyler, Lucas, & Warner, 2015). Natasha’s first military sexual assault was while she was in the military academy, and she blames the experience of alcohol abuse. The consumption of alcohol is common in the military culture, which leads to a high risk of sexual violence. Natasha, like any other sexual assault victim, faces blame, dismissal, and random questioning, whether even it is clear that the assault occurred since she was under the influence of alcohol. Alcohol leads to an increase in sexual desire, aggression, and as well as a misinterpretation of victim responses as an invitation to sex. Natasha describes the impact of the sexual incident as more painful than the crime itself since she has to live with all her life with no justice served. There are reports of military utilizing personality disorders as a way of discharging victims of sexual assaults, which leads to an increase of PTSD symptomology among victims. These lead to victims to perpetuate the culture of alcohol and substance abuse as the military norm (Please include citation).
The culture of substance abuse and alcohol consumption influences military personnel and their working environment. No gender difference was found in the prevalence of heavy episodic drinking or substance abuse while on duty in any military environment (Dennhardt, Murphy, McDevitt-Murphy & Williams, 2016). Natasha admits of first consuming alcohol while she was in the military academy as a way of coping up with anxiety problems, depression, and racial abuses. Over the years, her consumption rate of alcohol increased as she suffered from military sexual traumas and how her fellow servicemen viewed her in general. Alcohol makes Natasha endure all the criticism and negative energy she receives at her workplace, thus a continuous drinking behavior that led to her alcohol addictions. The military has specific treatment strategies that apply to a serviceman culture and habits.
Alcohol and substance use is a significant problem among military personnel in our nation. There are interventions, and evidence-based treatments that focus on thoughts and behaviors associated with craving and consumption of alcohol and substance use, which are mainly caused by posttraumatic stress disorder (Teeters, Lancaster, Brown & Back, 2017). There are several services and interventions available to reduce posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol, and substance use abuse, including both behavioral and pharmacological treatments. Clinical help from the military aims to review addictions, and PTSD provides information and options for screening and treatment of military personnel. Integration has been kept in place for easy access to mental health care and treatment of addictions by military personnel. Over recent years, the government and the army agencies have tried using evidence-based therapies to reduce problematic substance abuse and stress disorders among military personnel, and it has proved a bit helpful. The best treatment strategy that would be sensitive to Natasha includes both behavioral and pharmacological treatments that range on a spectrum from preventive screening and residential treatment programs.
The treatment is available across the country to all military personnel, with help to reduce stress and deaths. Behavioral and pharmacological treatment interventions are prescribed. Each military personnel with PTSD and substance addiction are encouraged to try self-help groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA), which are free of charge and available in most cities (Teeters, Lancaster, Brown & Back, 2017). Natasha’s participation in AA or NA can be of great help as a part of ongoing and aftercare healthcare, that has numerous services that help in the management of substance abuse and stress. Providers of the self-help groups are encouraged to consult and check up with the Department of Defense for updated clinical practice guidelines for PTSD and substance abuse for more detailed treatment recommendations. For Natasha, in response to alcohol addiction, the military has implemented a system for comprehensive alcohol screening. The goal of screening is to intervene upon risky and unhealthy drinking habits before progression to an alcohol use disorder, or to provide immediate treatment to those with alcohol use disorder. The military guidelines state that if there is any indication of PTSD and substance abuse among its personnel, an assessment should be conducted, followed by the development and implementation of a comprehensive treatment plan. Following the collaborative treatment plan, Natasha, with alcohol use disorder, will be offered substance focused psychosocial interventions. These interventions focus on the identification and modification of maladaptive thoughts and behaviors connected to increase craving, use, and relapse to alcohol. Also, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), help reduce substance and alcohol use by helping individuals to achieve and maintain abstinence, or by increasing their ability to skilfully manage stress without being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
The use of alcohol and substance abuse among active-duty personnel has significantly increased. Natasha’s heavy use of alcohol can be attributed to multiple factors such as psychosocial and environmental stressors of military life that is frequently linked to mental health issues such as military rape and the transient nature of the military people (Castro et al., 2015). Natasha, who has suffered rape while in camp, lengthy deployments abroad, and exposure to life-threatening situations in the combat environment sees alcohol and substance abuse as the only remedy that can help her live life without any regrets and stress that she goes through while in the military camp. The military personnel, mainly the active-duty ones, mostly rely on alcohol and substance abuse to perform their duties correctly. The military is a subpopulation of American society with a history of heavy drinking and substance use(Please include citation). The culture of drinking alcohol is well established in the military, for example, the ritual of Navy sailors where they rush to bars on ports or when in liberty. Military personnel often use alcohol to cope up with boredom, stress, for fun, or to be part of the brotherhood, which has led to excessive alcohol consumption among the military personnel.
Alcohol and substance abuse is well documented in the US military camps. Problems associated with excessive alcohol consumption are more common among the younger ranks of army personnel and recruits. Not only do young adults in the military drink than their seniors, but drink more alcohol than civilians of the same age(Please include citation). Heavy alcohol consumption can affect the physical and mental health of the military personnel and increases the risk for on and off duty injuries; this leads to consequences that are associated with increased medical care costs for those on active duty or the veterans. Military personnel and veterans underutilize treatment services offered by the government, mainly because of public stigma and underutilization of mental health services(Please include citation). Public disgrace has led to military personnel to avoid treatment services since most people view individuals with psychological problems as dangerous, unpredictable, and responsible for their conditio. Hence, based on the public stigma, mental health issues such as addiction and PTSD are frowned upon, leading to a barrier in seeking health treatments(Please include citation). Similarly to civilians, military personnel and veterans shun away from seeking medical help for their mental and addiction problems to avoid anticipated discrimination from other military personnel. The belief that soldiers are supposed to be tough leads to most affected soldiers to shut down their feelings and do their best to deal with their conditions privately. The stigma of seeking health treatment is undesirable and socially unacceptable in society(Please include citation).
Culture plays a significant role in how an individual will relate to each other in their surroundings. Customs lead the way an individual behaves in society and the way he interacts with other people. A military environment is a unique place that leads to military personnel, and their families live a different life compared to other civilians. Due to the kind of situation that our servicemen live, they are exposed to substance abuse and posttraumatic stress disorders, thus the need for a specific treatment to help our military personnel.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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