Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
How to Analyze Visual Media by Dr. Michael Pinsky
HA 300, 400 Level: How to Analyze Visual Media – Film, Art Works:
- “How to Analyze Visual Media” by Dr. Michael Pinsky,
Professor of English, Univ of South Florida and Univ of Tampa.
http://chuma.cas.usf.edu/~pinsky/vizanlysis.htm [accessed on 21 Feb 2005; 17 Sep 2015]
The following tips are useful whether your whole paper is about a single film, a film comparison, or on a theme which you trace through several visual media.
If you are analyzing visual media, you should consider the following suggestions to help you organize your notes prior to your writing project. In any analysis of a film or television show, you will need to use a semiotic approach or something similar: observe the signs in the film in addition to the particular words spoken from the script. Pay attention to the language
(including vocabulary, diction and emotional tone), behavior and appearance of the characters, appearance of the sets, the use of lighting and framing, and the situations in which the characters are placed. Remember to look for non-verbal communication as well as verbal ones. Once you have watched the show/film (jotting down observations as you notice
them), prepare yourself with the following steps:
- List any background information a reader will need. For example, describe the show/film. What is the basic plot? What are the key moments of change? What is the setting and time period?
- List any necessary background on the characters. For example, describe the main characters using demographic characteristics (age, class, education, gender, ethnicity, etc.), supporting your points with evidence.
- List the values or themes supported in the show/film (gender roles, definitions of success, moral/ethical arguments, standards of beauty or happiness, etc.), including the consequences of the characters’ actions. Use specific examples as evidence.
- Describe the intended audience for the show/film, using demographic characteristics. What evidence led you to conclude this group was the intended audience?
- State what this show/film reveals about contemporary culture: values, goals, acceptable roles in society, etc. List evidence to support your conclusions.
- Now turn to your specific writing project. State your claim/thesis, along with your plan to support it: preview the organization of your writing project. You may find that you have more information prepared from steps 1-5 than you will need for the final project: you are not obligated to use every observation you have made, but you will find any writing project much easier if you have plenty of options (as opposed to scrambling to review the show/film to find more evidence at the last minute).
- RESEARCH PAPER SPECIFICS:
- Identify a question that interests you …
1) about some aspect of a particular film, such as (but not limited to…)
* character development, locating it within its historical and filmic context
* the relationship between sung and spoken and purely visual parts to the
development of the plot or story
* gender relations as illustrated between the main characters
* method of getting across the film’s message
* relationship between editing, lighting, and other camera techniques and the
emotion of specific parts of the story; OR
2) a comparison between two films (or between a Japanese animation film and a film from another cultural domain — though, in this case, the paper should focus 2/3 of its length/discussion on the Japanese animation film) ; OR
3) choose a pressing social, or historical, or sexual, or political, or religious, or aesthetic problem and discuss its ‘place’ and ‘dynamism’ within Japanese animation, using two or more films to draw examples from.
4) other topics you are drawn to (please discuss with me)
- Write a paper of 6-8 pages – double or 1-1/2 spaced, Times New Roman 12 point, margins ¾” all around. Include title and your name, and the course no. at the top.
PAPER structure: Start by summarizing in a first, short paragraph what the scope of your paper will cover, and then write your ‘thesis statement’ or ‘argument’: describe what ‘problem’ or ‘issue’ or ‘question’ you will examine, in your paper, and hint at what particular ‘stand’ you will take or direction your conclusion will lie in (without giving it all away).
This means writing a statement in the beginning of your paper (no later than paragraph 2) that starts like this: “In this paper I will argue/demonstrate/….”. Then you can launch into your discussion.
YOUR PAPER MUST ALSO INCLUDE….
III. Academic sources: Your bibliography will consist of a minimum of four full references to academic sources not included in textbooks and assigned readings
In addition, you can cite Internet sources and general film studies sources (i.e. not focused specifically on Japanese animation), and assigned readings, — as many as you wish!
NOTE: If you are discussing one or more films, provide a brief synopsis of the film(s) either in a footnote or in the main text, as you wish, and depending on what would serve your argument best.
- Minimum two footnotes of type ii, below.
The Two Main Types of Footnotes:
- i) Plain Citation: Giving the citation/reference for the information/quote/data you just presented in your paper text.
Please note that you will have to make active reference to specific page numbers in these sources, in the body of your text (or in footnotes or endnotes), from where you have paraphrased or quoted information, for it to count as a reference: just having something in the bibliography with no footnotes referring to it does not count.
- ii) Discussion Footnotes: ‘expand the discourse’ of your main text, or ‘give a more detailed explanation’ than what you find necessary in the main text, but which still is of potential relevance and interest to the reader. Hence, here you can explain difficult terms that, in the main text, would break the flow of the reading too much; you can cite another opinion, or an association to something somewhat outside of the scope of the present paper but that would be interesting to have further research done on, by future scholars, etc.
NOTE 1: If possible and useful, include images with your essay. Reference its source clearly.
NOTE 2: Number your pages. Lack of image and unnumbered pages will each elicit the loss of 2 points. Lateness – as before.
NOTE 3: MAKE SURE YOU REFER TO THE HAND-OUT: WHAT IS A RESEARCH PAPER? AT THE BEGINNING, MIDDLE and END OF YOUR RESEARCH AND WRITING.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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