Explaining the nature of ethical issues schoolwork
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Explaining the nature of ethical issues schoolwork
Compose 2–3 pages in which you respond to a medical ethics dilemma.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies:
- Competency 1: Explain the nature of ethical issues.
- Explain the ethical issue in the scenario.
. Competency 2: Critically examine the contributions of key thinkers from the history of ethics.
- Apply the three traditional theories of normative ethics to the situation.
. Competency 3: Engage in ethical debate.
- Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the three theories as they relate to this situation.
. Competency 4: Develop a position on a contemporary ethical issue.
- Apply ethical theory to justify your ethical position on this issue.
. Competency 5: Communicate effectively in the context of personal and professional moral discourse.
- Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and consistent with expectations for members of professional communities.
Ethics is about doing what is right. Traditional normative theories express this goal in one of three ways:
. Virtue Ethics
- Seek personal excellence by cultivating virtuous habits.
- Aristotle: Achieve self-sufficiency through moderation.
. Deontological Ethics
- Do your duty by following the rules.
- Kant: Act as any rational agent is bound by universal law.
. Consequentialist Ethics
- Try to make the world a better place by producing good outcomes.
- Mill: Generate more pleasure and less pain for everyone.
Applying ethical theories to everyday life is not easy, as we consider virtues, duties, and results:
. Virtue Ethics
- Strengths: Respect for people, moral education, continuing progress.
- Problems: No direct advice for specific situations, excuse for self-serving.
. Deontological Ethics
- Strengths: Simple application of rules, avoid personal responsibility.
- Problems: Rigidly strict, conflicting rules, sometimes bad consequences.
. Consequentialist Ethics
- Strengths: Flexibility in circumstances, outcomes publicly discernible.
- Problems: Hard to predict results accurately, especially over the long run.
Using all three is fine, but we need to think through how they cohere or diverge.
Questions to Consider
To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of the business community.
As you think about applying ethical theory, consider addressing one of the following questions:
. Which of the three approaches to ethical theory makes the most sense, and why?
. When might Aristotle, Kant, and Mill disagree about how to handle a specific case?
. What theoretical approach are you most likely to employ in particular situations?
The following optional resources are provided to support you in completing the assessment or to provide a helpful context. For additional resources, refer to the Research Resources and Supplemental Resources in the left navigation menu of your courseroom.
. Fieser, J. (n.d.). Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/
- Pages 1–15.
. Hinman, L. M. (2016). Ethical theories. Ethics Updates?. Retrieved from http://ethicsupdates.net/theories/index.shtml
- Pages 1–2
. Taylor, C. C. W. (2006). Aristotle: Nicomachean ethics, books II–IV . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
. Kemerling, G. (2011). Aristotle: Ethics and the virtues. The Philosophy Pages. Available from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2s.htm
- Pages 1–3.
. Kraut, R. (2014, April 21). Aristotle’s ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle-ethics/
- Pages 1–27.
. Sachs, J. (n.d.). Aristotle: Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http:// http://www.iep.utm.edu/aris-eth/
. Tong, R., & Williams, N. (2009). Feminist ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminism-ethics/
. Kant, I. (2002). Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
. Jankowiak, T. (n.d.). Kant: 5. Moral Theory. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/kantview/#H5
- Pages 22–28.
. Johnson, R., & Cureton, A. (2016). Kant’s moral philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Spring 2018 Edition. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2018/entries/kant-moral/
- Pages 1–35.
. Kemerling, G. (2011). Kant: The moral order. The Philosophy Pages. Available from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/5i.htm
- Pages 1–5.
. Mill, J. S. (2009). Utilitarianism . Auckland, NZ: The Floating Press.
. Brink, D. (2014). Mill’s moral and political philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2016 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/mill-moral-political/
- Pages 1–72.
. Kemerling, G. (2011). Utilitarianism. The Philosophy Pages. Available from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/5q.htm
- Pages 1–5.
. Schefczyk, M. (n.d.). John Stuart Mill: Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/mill-eth/
- Pages 1–23.
. Sinnott-Armstrong, W. (2015). Consequentialism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2015 Edition). Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2015/entries/consequentialism/
- Pages 1–25.
More on Ethics
- This activity can give you a better understanding of how to apply ethical theories and may be helpful for completing the assessment.
. NBC Learn. (n.d.). Ex-con saves baby on Georgia highway [Video].
- In this video, you will see an example of ethical behavior.
- Running time: 2:16.
. NBC Learn. (n.d.). Representative Tammy Duckworth shames man about claimed war wound [Video].
- In this video, you will see an example of conflict over ethical issues.
- Running time: 2:21.
. Skillsoft. (n.d.). Critical thinking essentials: What is critical thinking? [Tutorial].
- One of the Essential Undergraduate Learning Outcomes is “Problem-Solving,” which includes the soft skill of thinking critically about significant issues. Since we will be using this throughout the course, you may find it helpful to refresh your skills by viewing this Skillsoft tutorial.
- Running time: 1:00:00.
. Skillsoft. (n.d.). The building blocks of building trust [Tutorial].
- Respectful debate is fundamental to successful problem solving, since everyone has the right to a personal opinion. Trust is an essential part of this. Use this Skillsoft tutorial to grow at building trust in this setting.
- Running time: 29:00.
- Check this page for more resources on critical thinking:
Consult the following resources for academic writing assistance:
General Education Information Research Skills Library Guide
A Capella University library guide has been created for your use in General Education courses. The General Education Information Research Skills Library Guide contains tips on how to use the Capella University Library to find resources for your General Education courses. You are encouraged to refer to the resources in this library guide to direct your research in this course.
Note: This Program Guide supports the Essential Undergraduate Learning Outcome of Information Literacy.
- Assessment Instructions
You have now studied the three approaches to ethical theory (deontological, consequentialist, and virtue theory) as exemplified in the work of Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, and Aristotle. Your assessment is to write an essay applying these three approaches to the following practical case:
You are called to consult in the critical care unit of your local hospital. The hospital admits JoEllen, 53, after she takes an overdose of prescription medications with alcohol. On admission, she says, “Not supposed to be here . . . ” and soon becomes uncommunicative. As her condition deteriorates rapidly, her son arrives with a notarized advance directive in which JoEllen specifically asks not to be placed on life support. What should you recommend to the attending health professionals?
As you write your essay, consider how you would achieve the following:
. Explain the ethical issue in this scenario.
. Apply the three traditional theories of normative ethics to this situation.
. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of the three theories as they relate to this situation.
. Apply ethical theory to justify your stance on the right thing to do in this situation.
Your instructor may provide video feedback on your work, as well as complete the official scoring guide for the assessment.
. Written communication: Ensure written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
. APA formatting: Format resources and citations according to current APA style guidelines.
. Number of resources: Use your judgment to ensure your topic is thoroughly researched. There is no minimum number of resources required.
. Length of paper: Submit 2–3 typed, double-spaced pages.
. Font and font size: Use Arial, 12-point font.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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