Essays on Socratic Philosophy and Socratic Ideas on Excellence
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
M3. Assignment: Socrates’ Well-Known Tria
Death of Socrates at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City
Socrates is a hemlock drinker. Flickr is the source of this image.
We want to come to Socrates’ defense as a famous person when deciding whether or not he was guilty of undermining Athenian youth. However, as we saw in the Socrates Lecture, determining his guilt is a difficult task. In the Classic Age, the Athenians developed an extraordinary egalitarian culture based on Homer’s traditions. Socrates and the Sophists questioned those traditions, but they had no alternative to the traditions they were criticizing other than a relativistic, self-interested way of life. His citizens were enraged by his lack of responses to their criticisms.
The dialogue between Socrates and Meletus, the person who brought charges against him, is the focus of this week’s assignment, which is taken from the section on The Apology, as quoted in our text. Socrates laughs at Meletus and mocks his defense of his guilt. Do you believe Socrates was guilty of the charges leveled against him, based on what you’ve learned about him from this week’s readings? Give at least three reasons for your point of view, as well as specific examples from the text to back up your claim.
A minimum of 1 1/2 pages in Times New Roman or Garamond font with standard 1-inch margins is required.
Double-spaced text is required.
Critical thought must be applied to the paper’s topic.
In-text citations and references must be formatted in MLA style. There are no outside sources.
Top left: name, course, and assignment.
Make a title for your document.
Part 2: M3. Discussion: No one Does Evil Intentionally
One of Socrates’ most famous beliefs is that “no one does evil knowingly.” Most of us can recall at least one person who, despite knowing full well what an evil deed he or she was committing, went ahead and did it anyway. We could argue this point, but a better understanding of the Greek mindset leads to a more satisfying answer. To begin with, Socrates didn’t really say “no one does evil knowingly.” Actually, he stated that no one does kakos knowingly. In ancient Greek, kakos meant something bad; it did not have the same connotation as the word today, which connotes religious evil or human depravity. So, what was he trying to say?
Socrates. Creative Commons. Source: Flickr.
Socrates’ thinking on the subject starts with his belief that knowledge is virtue. As a result, the more knowledgeable a person is, the better. As a result, it would seem logical to conclude that less knowledge equals less good. However, this introduces a new linguistic complication. The translation of the word arete as a virtue has become commonplace. In today’s world, it clearly does not imply virtue. It denotes a level of excellence. So, in the end, Socrates suggests that in order to be an excellent person (wise), one must first understand what it takes to be wise. And in order to do so, one must have some notion of wisdom as excellence. So, if one does not know a better way to live one’s life, one cannot be blamed for doing the wrong thing. The wise person understands that in order to excel, knowledge must be sought out rather than avoided.
After you’ve finished reading the chapter, draw some conclusions about what qualities you believe a person needs to live a good life today, to be a person of integrity who is respected by his or her family, friends, and coworkers. Don’t automatically associate success with excellence (although excellence might lead to that). Check to see if you’re able to get to the
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Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. 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The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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