Environmental Concerns assignment questions
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
1. Select the correct description for each step in the water cycle.
___ Infiltration a. Water falling from clouds as rain or snow
b. Water changing from liquid to vapor
c. Water flowing through soil and into groundwater
d. Water in soil and plants changing to vapor
e. Rainwater or melting snow flowing across land
f. Water changing from vapor to liquid
2. Only about one third of the precipitation that falls on California becomes water in a river that we can use for farms and cities. Name the three steps in the water cycle that use the other two thirds of the runoff?
____________________ _____________________ _______________________
3. Why do mountains receive more precipitation than low elevations?
Its colder in high levels, therefore the vapor condensate faster when it touching a cold air layer and change from vapor to liquid which is water .and it rain more. .
4. Describe an atmospheric river?
5. Climate scientists think the Sierra will help California maintain annual rainfall levels in the future, when other Mediterranean climate zones around the world become drier. Why?
6. The San Diego region relied on wells and backcountry streams for its water supply until the 1940s. True False
7. In 1900, business and community leaders wanted Los Angeles to be the largest city on the west coast of the U.S. — larger than San Francisco — but they needed water. True False
8. Metropolitan Water District purchased the electricity from Hoover Dam that it needed to pump water through the Colorado River Aqueduct. True False
9. The federal government built the Central Valley Project to supply water from northern California to farms in the central valley. True False
9. The State of California built the State Water Project to supply water from northern California to farms in the central valley and cities in Southern California. True False
11. Agriculture and cities use all of the water in the Colorado River before the river reaches the Gulf of California. True or False
12. Lake Mead and Lake Powell are the largest water storage reservoirs in the U.S. True False
13. Water storage levels in Lake Mead and Lake Powell are critically low. True False
14. What are tributaries?
15. What are headwaters?
16. Small streams filter water, contribute to groundwater and mitigate downstream flooding. True False
17. More than 100 miles of the San Joaquin River have been dry for over 50 years. True False
18. More than 95 percent of the floodplain and freshwater tidal marsh habitat along the San Joaquin River has been converted to agriculture or developed.
19. Who uses more water in California, agriculture or cities? __________________
20. In California, residential, commercial and institutional outdoor water use — landscape irrigation — is nearly 50% of total urban water use. True False
21. Does educating Californians about water conservation work? Is there evidence that it works?
22. The collaboration between the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and manufacturers to make toilets, faucets and sprinklers more water efficient is called:
___ the EnergyStar program
___ the WaterSense program
23. The collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy and manufacturers to make appliances like clothes washers and dishwashers more water efficient is called:
___ the EnergyStar program
___ the WaterSense program
24. California agriculture uses about the same amount of land and water today that they used back in the 1960s. But today, they make a lot more money with that land and water than they used to. True False
25. Whats the difference between weather and climate?
26. Dry years are common in California. True False
27. The Colorado River Basin is still in a dry period that began in 2000. True False
28. What is dendrochronology?
29. Scientists use Dendrochronology to estimate annual precipitation and river flow over the last 500 or more years. True False
30. Warmer temperatures make drought conditions more severe. Why?
31. How do warmer temperatures impact the Sierra snowpack?
32. Number the steps below in the correct order to describe how climate change is producing more extreme (wetter) storms.
a. ___ More moisture in storms
b. ___ Higher evaporation rate
c. ___ Warmer ocean
d. ___ Warmer atmosphere
33. For millions of years before white men settled California, wetlands much of the central valley. Explain the relationship between those wetlands and the groundwater under the Central Valley today.
34. When less surface water from rivers is available, agriculture uses more groundwater. True False
35. San Francisco and other Bay Area communities depend on the Toulumne River for their water supply. True False
36. List two reasons why the Sacramento San Joaquin Delta is important
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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