Discussion about Procurement Management
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
As a contracting officer, you must understand your customer, as well as the roles of technology, acquisition logistics, budget, and the program office in acquisitions. Also, describe the differences and historical evolution of public and private sector contracting procedures. Please describe each job (public and private sector) and how you would approach each to establish a collaborative atmosphere. (maximum 500 words)
Address the topic thoroughly and within 500 words, as well as make a 100-word comment about at least three other students in the class.
1. The acquisition career sector is in charge of meeting a customer’s needs, which could include developing something cutting-edge to meet a military demand for the first time. This criterion would very certainly necessitate the adoption of cutting-edge technology and a high level of dependability in harsh conditions. An acquisition plan will be developed, which will include a synopsis of the customer’s requirement that the acquisition will address. An acquisition plan that specifies, develops, produces or acquires, and fields an initial hardware or software increment (or block) of operational capability is known as an evolution acquisition strategy. It is based on technologies that have been demonstrated in relevant environments, requirements, and manufacturing or software deployment capabilities that have been demonstrated. Because purchasing the most up-to-date, state-of-the-art technology is essentially the goal of the acquisition professional sector, technology plays a vital role in the acquisition strategy. Having cutting-edge technology gives our military the tools it needs to establish itself as a worldwide superpower. Technology translates client requirements and/or technological advancements into products that help warfighters fight, communicate, and train more effectively. 5Logistics is particularly important in the acquisition cycle since it defines how the federal government will buy and run cutting-edge technology. The nitty-gritty specifics of how our consumers will receive what they paid for are known as logistics. There are numerous distinctions between doing business with the private sector and doing business with the government. A private corporation must answer to its stockholders/shareholders, whereas a government institution must account to the public interest and general welfare. While private-sector companies are motivated by profit, government agencies are motivated by achieving their objectives. While private sector rivalry is fierce, public institutions are motivated by the fact that they are sponsored by taxpayer cash, and hence operate in a monopsonist market. World events, national events, technology advancements, congressional actions, and the American people are just a few of the historical variables that have influenced how the federal government conducts business with the private sector. We mostly talk about how wars compel the need for equipment, manpower, and supplies when we talk about how international events influence the acquisition process. The purchase procedure in the United States has been influenced by national events such as bombings and natural disasters. The acquisition process is also influenced by technological advancements such as placing our bids online and “Reverse Options.” The laws and regulations enacted by Congress have an impact on how we do business with contractors. Finally, the American people lobby their legislators in Congress to keep a base in their state and to do business with specific vendors to acquire specific goods or services. Contracting dates back to our founding fathers, even before the Revolutionary War, and was continued when they established the government in 1789, evolving from an informal commerce to a formal industry in the process.
2. The private sector is a segment of the economy that is controlled by individuals and businesses rather than the government. The private sector’s purpose is to maximize profit. It acts in the best interests of stockholders, or people who own a portion of a company. The private sector is made up of a variety of businesses that are all competing to make the most money and please their clients. Finally, it is responsible for the majority of employment in the developing world. The government controls the public sector, which is the portion of the economy. It is made up of publicly supported agencies or businesses like the police and the military. The public sector’s role is to offer commodities and services that the private sector does not or cannot supply. Furthermore, both public and private sector acquisition processes have been influenced by national and international events throughout history. The probability of conflict, for example, determines what resources are obtained for wartime activities. Furthermore, major catastrophes such as bombings and natural disasters have altered the role and objectives of federal agencies in the United States. Congress’s activities, or the passage of laws, have an impact on the purchase process as well. The United States established an independent nation in 1776. There was no contract control at the inception of the republic because residents served as both government officials and merchants. Because of the absence of structure, corruption was simple to come by, and many utilized private funds for personal gain. This behavior necessitated the separation of government and contract interests, which Robert Morris established in 1781. Later, in 1789, the United States Constitution provided the federal government legal permission to enter into contracts with private businesses. More legislation were passed over time that added structure to the acquisition process but made contracting with the government more complex. Some of the laws were enacted to safeguard the government against fraud, defend workers’ rights, and prevent overcharging by contractors. In general, the laws defined what was and was not permissible in terms of contracting. Later, the government began to loosen its regulations and to be more inclined to ease the contracting process with the private sector. The history of the Buy American Act of 1933, which prohibited American enterprises from pursuing foreign-produced products, to the Federal Purchase Streamlining Act of 1994, which created criteria for procuring commercial commodities and simplified the acquisition process, demonstrates this. This demonstrates how national and international events, as well as congressional acts, have influenced what people buy and how they buy it. Technology and logistics are two other important considerations in acquisitions. Acquisitions, Technologies, and Logistics (AT&L) is a community tasked with keeping up with rapidly changing technology in order to meet the needs of the military. The ATL community helps the Department of Defense (DoD) with its four major phases: research and development, production, operation and maintenance, and disposal. As a contracting officer, I would reach out to both commercial and public sector customers to learn more about their needs. This would assist me better grasp what their goals are and what resources they’ll need to achieve them and complete their mission. I’d then use AT&L to make sure I’m offering the most up-to-date technology and expertise for their projects.
Length of explanation and response: 500 words 3 Reactions a hundred words
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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