Order ID 53563633773 Type Essay Writer Level Masters Style APA Sources/References 4 Perfect Number of Pages to Order 5-10 Pages
CMST 432 Media Systems and Communication Technology
Recommended Text and Materials
Hanson, R. E. (2018) Mass communication: Living in a media world (7th ed.). SAGE.
Recommended Resources for Additional Exploration
The Mass Communication student companion website: http://edge.sagepub.com/hanson7e (Links to an external site.)
This site is a particularly good resource for review of course materials.
Discussion post: Emojis Bring Back Picture Writing
Typically, when we think of picture writing, we think about Egyptian hieroglyphics from two or three millennia ago. With a bit more history in mind, you might think about cave paintings in France or the Native Americans’ Newspaper Rock in Utah. There are the ideographs in Chinese writing, but those symbols are pretty abstract and a long way from being recognizable drawings of something more than a symbol for an idea.
But it’s likely that you’ve done picture writing lately – using the emoji keyboard on your mobile device. Smiling faces, a smiling pile of poop, a smiling devil, a smiling cat, an Edvard Munch screaming face—you get the idea—seem to show up everywhere from text messages to tweets to Snapchat posts. It is tempting to think that these emojis, or small icons that stand for emotions or ideas, carry universal social meanings, but people often don’t agree on what they mean. For example, consider this one: While officially this is praying hands (available in any number of skin colors), some people see it portraying a high five. A study by researchers at the University of Minnesota’s Group Lens lab found that people looking at exactly the same emoji can come up with dramatically different interpretations of it. Further complicating things is that each platform has its own versions of emojis. Consider the “grinning face with smiling eyes” icon. The icon is very different depending on whether you are looking at it on an Apple, Google, Microsoft, Samsung, or LG platform.
For 2018, the Unicode Consortium (which establishes the standards for the character sets on computers and mobile devices) has published a proposed list of new emojis to include in upcoming smartphone software updates. These include redheads in the assortment of skin tone and hair color smiley emojis. There’s also a wide range of skin tones to go with a natural African American hair—not to mention a lacrosse stick, a strand of DNA, and a skateboard. You can see the proposed new emojis in the accompanying graphic.
Give Answers to the following questions:
1. What makes communicating with emojis difficult?
Take a popular emoji and show it to several people of different ages. Ask them what it means. Does it mean the same thing to them as it does to you? Why do you think that? Look at the emojis in the graphic on this page. Do these all seem to represent the same idea/feeling? Why or why not?
2. Why is representation important to people with emojis?
Why does the Unicode Consortium put so much effort into making sure there are emojis that represent a wide range of skin tones and hair colors/styles? Does it matter to you that your emoji matches you in some way? Do the proposed new emojis have a variant that matches you?
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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