Climate Change Affecting Acadia National Park Essay Assignment
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Climate Change Affecting Acadia National Park Essay Assignment
Please reply to both POST1 and POST2 in at least 200 words each.
Climate Change Affecting Acadia National Park
Climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns largely due to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by fossil fuels. Climate change can be seen in precipitation levels during the year or a deviation in a region’s usual temperature during a month or season. Climate change will affect the location of where rain or snow normally falls; such as, a region that would not get snow may see a rare snowfall. A rare snowfall occurred in South Texas on December 7th-8th, 2017. (NOAA, 2017). These rare occurrences are happening more and more, which can be seen in the warming of Earth’s climate which saw a giant 2,239 square mile iceberg break off the Antarctic ice shelf. Earth’s changing climate can be seen across the globe, and scientists are seeing the impacts throughout the national parks.
Climate change has impacted Acadia National Park in several ways. Native species, such as purple loosestrife, glossy buckthorn, and barberry, are quite common on Mount Desert Island. These native species, including orchids, asters, and lilies have shown a considerable decline. Scientists believe the changing weather patterns are to blame. Bill Trotter (2014) reports that conditions in the park are changing when the last spring thaw came earlier, and the conditions are wetter and warmer than the last one hundred years. With spring announcing its arrival earlier, plants are beginning to emerge earlier, which oppress plants that sprout regardless of temperature.
Protecting and preserving the nation’s national parks is a priority to preserve their resources. Cunningham, Evans, & Wang (2019) state that national parks need to be protected and should remain unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. (p. 18). Acadia National Park is likely to see heavier rainfall, flooding, coastline erosion, changing ecosystems, and different species and vegetation beginning to dominate the region due to climate change. Scientists and researchers are addressing a project that will implement strategies to help mitigate and adapt to climate change. The project has four main objectives: adjust to rising sea levels, limit the loss of plant and animal species, reduce carbon emission from park vehicles, and develop an education plan.
- Rising Sea Levels.
Marshes will naturally adapt to changing sea levels because they are generally quite resistant to change. However, the rising sea levels are flooding the marshes more often and are damaging the ecosystem. Improving culverts and removing barriers will allow marsh migration.
- Loss of Plant and Animal Species.
Native plants should be re-introduced, and limit or remove invasive species, allowing the native species to grow more easily without competition.
- Carbon Emissions from Park Vehicles.
The park uses shuttle vehicles to transport visitors throughout the park. Reducing carbon emissions can be accomplished by switching to more efficient fuel sources, and eliminate access to other non-efficient vehicles.
- Develop an Education Plan.
The park’s climate change efforts should be posted on the park’s website to inform the general public of their intentions. Educating visitors on climate change and its impacts now and, in the future, should become a priority.
Besides the above-mentioned strategies, the National Park Service is developing a project that will “…protect the integrity of native species in the park and restore native species that have disappeared.” (Trotter, 2014). The staff has two vegetation restoration projects near Sieur de Mont’s Spring and Cadillac Mountain’s summit. Acid rain has poisoned Maine’s spruce trees, and planting seeds and seedlings may restore the park’s native trees. Next would be to reduce acid rain. As the climate becomes more volatile and unpredictable, knowing what will survive, and what species will disappear; ultimately is dependent upon human intervention and prevention.
Cunningham, V., Evans, S., & Wang, Y. (2019, June 27). Climate change in Acadia National Park. Retrieved from https://web.wpi.edu/Pubs/E-project/Available/E-project-062519-062308/unrestricted/sevansIQP.pdf (Links to an external site.)
NOAA. (2017). South Texas Snowstorm – December 7-8, 2017. Retrieved from https://weather.ogv/crp/20171208_snow (Links to an external site.)
Trotter, B. (2014, August 8). Scientists: Climate change pushing shift in Acadia vegetation. Retrieved from https://nrcm.org/news/scientists-climate-change-pu…
I have chosen to write my portfolio about Mount Rainier National Park. Since 1920 the average park temperature has increased 1.5 degrees F and is projected to increase an additional 2 to 4 degrees over the next hundred years.
This temperature increase has caused glacier retreat. When this happens, loose dirt is exposed and is washed into river channels, settling into lower elevations. When this happens, the waters top the river banks and cause flooding. The loose dirt can also be attributed to debris flows.
The flows can be powerful enough to destroy roads, riverside buildings while uprooting trees and dislodging boulders that can also destroy the surrounds on impact.
Mount Rainier is also impacted by the increased emission of greenhouse gasses. Greenhouse gases are produced from burning of fossil fuels, deforestation and agriculture.
It’s location downwind of Seattle can create high concentrations of air pollutants in the park. Some of the locations in the park experience higher ground-level ozone concentrations than Seattle.
There are several species of animals in Mt. Rainier that are considered threatened by the climate change. Bull trout have decreased spawning as the water temperature increases. Chinook salmon are lower in numbers because of the flooding. Because of the reduced alpine environment, mountain goats and American pika are not able to tolerate the increased heat.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) continues to work for cleaner air quality. But the major disturbances in the park are due to forest fires.
This will continue to increase as the temperatures do and precipitation decreases creating a dryer environment. The Park cannot only rely on the EPA for further regulations for air quality but must also prepare locally for the the inevitable changes. Providing resources to maintain animal habitats and regrowth of destroyed trees, meadows and river beds would help maintain the national park.
Ford, K. (2011, June 6). University of Washington. The impacts of climate change at Mount Rainier National Park. Retrieved from https://www.nps.gov/mora/getinvolved/supportyourpa…
Climate Change Affecting Acadia National Park Essay Assignment
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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