Behavioral Research Biting Nails Case Study
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Purpose: Improving your understanding of how behavioral principles work can help you change your behaviors and the behaviors of employees, friends, or family. Think about unwanted habits you have or irritating habits that those around you might have. This assignment will also teach you how to make more objective and clear observations, which improves your ability to think critically, as well as guide you in writing up a beginning Case Study, a task you’ll undertake in multiple fields. These skills will help you in college and in your career: being able to determine discriminative stimuli will help you to identify patterns in people’s behaviors, and that will help you to be able to understand them better
1. Day 1: Choose a behavior of yours that you would like to try to modify using the principles of behaviorism. Keep it simple and clearly measurable (for example, not “I should exercise more,” but “I want to jog one mile a day” not, “I want to be more outgoing,” but “I want to talk to at least two people each day” not, “I want better grades,” but “I want to study X amount each day”). Use the assignment below to send me your idea, and I’ll let you know if it’ll work for this assignment.
2. Days 1-5: For five days, merely record the frequency that your target behavior is occurring naturally (this is called establishing a baseline).
o How often, at what times, and under what circumstances, do you engage in the behavior?
o What are the good consequences of the behavior (such as short-term anxiety relief for smoking) and what are the bad consequences (such as long-term health problems)?
o If the behavior is a currently non-existent one that you want to establish, keep track of when you have opportunities to engage in the target behavior, but do not do so. Also note the times, contexts, cues, and consequences that are reinforcing this LACK of your target behavior.
3. Day 6-10: Beginning on the sixth day, start noting the discriminative stimuli (i.e., recurring patterns of circumstances surrounding or triggering the behavior) you have recorded. Continue to observe behavioral frequency and note the stimuli and consequences through day 10 of your journal. For example, some people only smoke when visiting with certain acquaintances, or only snack while watching television. Limiting or eliminating those cues may help in changing the target behavior. Look for at least three discriminative stimuli.
4. Day 11: Identify at least three positive reinforcers for you (anything that makes you feel good, such as a special treat or self-reward reading a good book, talking with a friend, taking a relaxing bath, playing a favorite game). Choose one that seems likely to have an impact upon the behavior you wish to change, then establish a schedule of reinforcement. For example, “I get to do X only after I have read one chapter in my textbook.”
5. Day 11-24: Keep track of your progress toward your goal. If none is noted, try finding a more powerful reinforcer, and make note of the changes in your record-keeping. If you are making progress, gradually change from continuous to partial reinforcement as the target behavior pattern becomes established, with the eventual goal of eliminating the external reinforcer.
6. Day 24: Review your log, analyze your data, and reflect on what you learned. As this site states, see if you can sum up the patterns you’ve observed into a thesis-like statement. Your statement should capture your behavioral goal, your reinforcers, and their overall effectiveness.
7. Day 25: Write up your Case Study about your experience and what you noticed about changes in your behavior, drawing on information from the Learning Chapter. What was helpful in making the change? If your behavior did NOT change, why didn’t it? Include at least one paragraph under each of the following headings:
o Introduction: Set the stage for your case study by identifying your behavioral goal (and related frequency it naturally was occurring), your discriminative stimuli and positive reinforcers, and finish with your thesis-like finding (see #6 above).
o Background Information: Clearly state your behavior modification goal, your history around that behavior, and why it’s important. Include an illustrative, relevant photo if you’d like to add a personalized element (photo is optional).
o Presentation of Findings: Describe what you’ve learned in your 24 days of Behavioral Research, what methods you tried, the outcome(s), and what factors helped you change or made it difficult. Use behavioral terminology and Key Terms. You may also include how you felt at different time during the month, or other effects your research may have had.
o Conclusion: Sum up your Case Study and research findings, and include other possible solutions or further avenues for research.
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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