The Four Principles
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Assignment for PHI413: The Four Principles
Biomedical Ethics in the Christian Narrative is the third topic.
Topic 3 DQ 1 is due on Wednesday, May 19, 2021, at 11:59:59 PM. 5.0 maximum points
The four principles have been criticized for elevating the idea of autonomy to the point that it transcends all other principles or values, particularly in the setting of bioethics in the United States.
How important do you think each of the four principles is?
In the framework of the Christian biblical narrative, how do you think they’d be arranged? In your response, provide reference to the relevant study materials.
Chapters 3 and 4 of the Resource Material
P. Hoehner, P. Hoehner, P. Hoehner (2020). Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Health-Care Decision-Making. The Christian Narrative and Biomedical Ethics https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2020/practicing-dignity an-introduction-to-christian-values-and-decision-making-in-health-care 1e.php
Fetal Abnormality as a Case Study
Human nature is a collection of traits that collectively define what it means to be a human being (White, 2020). Every human being is a part of God’s creation, made in his or her likeness and image, according to the Christian view of human nature. This notion is similar to the Latin phrase Imago Dei, which means “image of God.” This idea refers to human individuals’ intrinsic worth, dignity, and respect, as well as their value and worth, regardless of their ability. “The Hypothesis Based on Human Properties” is the theory that most closely resembles Christian beliefs. Human beings are fundamentally valued in this style of thinking, regardless of any external advantages or valuations (White, 2020). Christians believe that humans have a moral obligation to live and act in a moral manner. Human dignity as a mirror of God’s image is recognized and valued. Abortion, euthanasia, and genocide, on the other hand, are regarded immoral and not of God, and hence do not reflect Christian values.
Jessica, a 30-year-old Mexican immigrant, and her husband, Marcos, share an all-too-real life-altering circumstance that many Christians have experienced. Initially, the thrill of receiving a divine blessing, but ultimately, a parent’s horror. Jessica and Marco are confronted with a difficult choice. They must decide whether to continue a pregnancy that is expected to result in the birth of a fetus with a rare disease that prevents the arms from developing and a 25% probability of having Down syndrome. With his scientific understanding, he can calculate the likelihood of the fetus’s survival. In doing so, the physician Dr Wilson uses “The Theory of Sentience” to determine the moral status of the fetus. He is aware of the future sorrow, pain, and suffering that this kid will endure. He carefully informs Jessica of the prognosis while drawing a clear medical picture of the possibilities, understanding how delicate this issue is. Having an abortion or giving birth to a child with no quality of life. Aunt Maria, on the other hand, is vehemently arguing for the fetus’s life, citing “The Theory Based on Human Properties.” She sees the fetus as a part of God’s plan, pleading with God to “let what God intends to happen.” Whether or not the fetus is born with problems, all humans have inherent worth (White, 2020). Jessica and Marco, though, have the final say. Jessica is divided between her desire for increasing freedom and a better financial position (GCU, 2020). She uses “The Theory Based on Human Properties” to explain the fetus’ fate. She understands that “every life is sacred,” but she and her family need more financial security. Marco, being the pragmatic male species that he is, employs “The Cognitive Properties Theory.” Financial concerns/burdens are inherently a major issue for him as the leader of the household. Marco is finding it difficult not to see the pregnancy and the chance of a disabled kid as a burden and an obstacle to their economic security and aspirations, despite his support for Jessica’s decision (GCU, 2020).
Christians abhor abortion and believe that all human lives are valuable from conception onward (White, 2020). Yes, I think humans were created in God’s image and likeness. God does not create mistakes, and You can accomplish all things through Christ, who strengthens me. The resources and strategy for raising this child are already written in the Bible. The bible also mentions God bestowing the gift of choice on humans. The ability to test for birth abnormalities using fetal tissue can be both a blessing and a curse. I’d have to use “The Theory Based on Cognitive Properties” to justify my position. It’s difficult enough to become a new mom. When economics, limitations, and a loss of freedom are added, resentment, remorse, despair, and sadness can result. This theory informs my decision to terminate the pregnancy, which is in line with this thought. Just because I choose the Cognitive Properties theory doesn’t mean I believe the unborn has no moral status. It just implies that I am glad for the opportunity to choose. I have access to the information and decision-making abilities I need to make an informed decision that will have a positive or negative impact on my family. Consider this scenario: a passerby notifies you that you will prevent a four-year-old from dying after being hit by a car tomorrow. However, you will be raped by two men on your way home after that incident and will be hospitalized for a month. Which logic would you employ in determining the moral position of the four-year-old and yourself?
D. Bogue and M. Hogan (2020). Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Health-Care Decision-Making. Grand Canyon University is a university in Arizona. (Ed. ), Christian Spirituality and Ethics: Foundational Issues. https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2020/practicing-dignity an-introduction-to-christian-values-and-decision-making-in-health-care 1e.php
Grand Canyon University is a public university in Arizona (GCU). (2020). Fetal Abnormality as a Case Study
N. White (2020). Practicing Dignity: An Introduction to Christian Values and Health-Care Decision-Making. Grand Canyon University is a university in Arizona. God, Humanity, and Human Dignity (Ed.). https://www.gcumedia.com/digital-resources/grand-canyon-university/2020/practicing-dignity an-introduction-to-christian-values-and-decision-making-in-health-care 1e.php
Topic 2 Rubric: Moral Status Case Study
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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