Assessing Outcomes Discussion Essay Assignment
Assignment ID Number AFFGEHU83939HD Type of Document Essay Writing Format APA/MLA/Harvard Academic Level Masters/University References/Sources 4 References
Assessing Outcomes Discussion Essay Assignment
Discussion: Assessing Outcomes
How do you determine the “success” of a human services program? Part of your role as an administrator is to collaborate with your staff to determine how a particular program’s effectiveness will be measured. The outcomes must be clear, realistic, and feasible, and how the outcomes will be assessed must be clear also.
For this Discussion, you will address the “Social Work Research: Program Evaluation” case study in Social Work Case Studies: Foundation Year. Assume the role of an administrator in the case study to evaluate what has occurred in the program and how you might improve it.
BY DAY 3
Post an evaluation of the success of the CALWORKS program based on the information presented in the case study. Be sure to define what success would be for the program and how you, as an administrator of the program, might evaluate whether success has been achieved. Finally, make one recommendation for improving the program’s effectiveness.
Support your post with specific references to the resources. Be sure to provide full APA citations for your references.
BY DAY 5
Read a selection of your colleagues’ posts.
Respond to at least two colleagues in at least one of the following ways:
- Explain whether you agree with your colleague’s definition of success and method for evaluating success, and why.
- Critique your colleague’s recommendation for improving the program’s effectiveness.
Colleague 1: Jennifer
Post an evaluation of the success of the CALWORKS program based on the information presented in the case study. Be sure to define what success would be for the program and how you, as an administrator of the program, might evaluate whether success has been achieved.
The state of California developed a new program called CalWORKs which stands for California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids program. The purpose of developing this new program was in response to a law that was to address reducing states to reduce welfare dependency among its citizens. CalWORKs was the solution for California in addressing this socio-economic issue. What helped to make this successful for some of the counties is that in San Francisco options were provided for participants in creating job readiness plans, providing remedial education for those who may be lacking in the area of basic skills, and providing vocational training at the local community colleges. Once a participant was to complete a program, they were rewarded with financial compensation among other benefits. Those who did not complete the program were found to be non-complaint and had a reduction in their benefits.
In the first 11 years of the program, the number of the participants who were found to be in the lower economic bracket and receiving federal benefits were reduced by nearly 40% by completing the program successfully. The case study indicates that the most beneficial group were those who participated in education and training programs.
While this can be seen as a success, later on from years 2007-2011 there was a national economic downfall and the amount of those on public assistance nearly doubled from the previous successful time period. The downfall could be attributed to poor economic conditions, and the state’s budget crisis. Despite the setback, there was still a large number of those who were able to benefit from the program which ultimately helped the state’s budget. As an administrator, I would measure the amount of success by the number of participants that were able to get out from under the public assistance system. I would have to look at the budget versus how many participants were able to be helped within that period of time. I would also look at the recidivism rate meaning what percent of participants were able to to complete the program and how many of them had to come back using public assistance. For some people, they cannot help if they get laid off from a job and they lose their income. If they showed poor work performance and they were let go due to unsatisfactory job performance, that is the fault of the client. I would take that specific example and view it as that the programs did provide the most effective tools for that client for them to be successful.
Finally, make one recommendation for improving the program’s effectiveness.
I have a few recommendations for how the programs could be more effective. If I had to pick one if would be that mental heath and supportive services also be included in the program. They are providing education and training support services but as we all know, going through something new can be quite overwhelming. Having supportive mental health services available to the participants and their family during this journey could provide the necessary supportive therapy to aide in the success of not only the client but for the success of the CalWORKs program itself.
Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. M. (Eds.). (2014c). Social work case studies: Foundation year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing [Vital Source e-reader].
“Social Work Research: Program Evaluation” (pp. 66–68)
Colleague 2: Shelia
The CalWORKs program is a program based on services to meet a stated outcomes (reduction in poverty) intended for low impoverished income population, who depended on public assistance. In the state of California many changes were made to the programs and the state gave the counties discretion on how they implemented those funds allocated for the program. This was an effort to reduce public assistance expenses, (Plummer, Makris, & Brocken, 2014c).
In their efforts the changes that were implemented worked to benefited most of the participants, although everyone was not successful. Success would be to completely eliminate the program, but that is something that is not foreseeable in the near future. The impact of the incentives has done a remarkable job at training, educating, job readiness, and cutting back on the amount of people servicing, but at what degree it is influenced by other factors that contributes to the environment of that outcome. Evaluating the success of the program has been established. How the program effectiveness is accomplished would be something I would be interested in. As a matter of fact, how it relates to the level by which the activity of the program produces the direct effect on the participants. It is not mandatory, but when mandatory, the CalWORKs program can be effective for a diverse population and focus on the participants who are job ready, have a consistent influence on a program effectiveness. But through consistence modification, programs can and do become effective. “The goal of evaluation in child welfare often go beyond assessing the outcomes for the one program and aim to improve child welfare practice”, (Lawrence, Strolin-Golzman, Caringi, Claiborne, McCarthy, Butts, & O’Connell (2013).
Because this program is based on the involvement of its participants, those who are able bodies should be required to follow policies and procedures in order to continue receiving benefits. Challenges will be great, but assessment should be done on an individual bases and done routinely and frequently. According to the article by Lawrence, et al. (2013), “One important area of this accountability is the need for program evaluations that meet the needs of the social work manager in child welfare organizations. Ideally, evaluations should be able to 1) promote organizational growth and learning, and 2) contribute to an evidence base for child welfare practice with the best science available”. The service to children and families will, as I mentioned earlier, impact the outcome of the program and its participants.
Evidence-based practice rely on these efforts because it effects the financial assistance allowed to families in need. Due to high volume of participants and sometime resources within community improvement cannot be established. Also, the complications of diversity in family unit, challenges, there will be concerns for welfare reform. The approach mentioned above, according to Lawrence et al. (2013), is a “road map to high-quality child welfare services must include useful evaluation practices”. The goal of CalWORKs is to promote families to become self-sufficient and not depend on federal assistance. The programs they have provided are effective and working. The policies should be upgraded to achieve higher standards of the participants. With that being said, there should not be a trend of household members living on public assistance as a means of survival. There should be a deadline for all recipients unless there is a physical or mental health issue. This is not just for implementation to participants, but to everyone who may become involved in the process for childcare reform.
Assessing Outcomes Discussion Essay Assignment
QUALITY OF RESPONSE NO RESPONSE POOR / UNSATISFACTORY SATISFACTORY GOOD EXCELLENT Content (worth a maximum of 50% of the total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 20 points out of 50: The essay illustrates poor understanding of the relevant material by failing to address or incorrectly addressing the relevant content; failing to identify or inaccurately explaining/defining key concepts/ideas; ignoring or incorrectly explaining key points/claims and the reasoning behind them; and/or incorrectly or inappropriately using terminology; and elements of the response are lacking. 30 points out of 50: The essay illustrates a rudimentary understanding of the relevant material by mentioning but not full explaining the relevant content; identifying some of the key concepts/ideas though failing to fully or accurately explain many of them; using terminology, though sometimes inaccurately or inappropriately; and/or incorporating some key claims/points but failing to explain the reasoning behind them or doing so inaccurately. Elements of the required response may also be lacking. 40 points out of 50: The essay illustrates solid understanding of the relevant material by correctly addressing most of the relevant content; identifying and explaining most of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology; explaining the reasoning behind most of the key points/claims; and/or where necessary or useful, substantiating some points with accurate examples. The answer is complete. 50 points: The essay illustrates exemplary understanding of the relevant material by thoroughly and correctly addressing the relevant content; identifying and explaining all of the key concepts/ideas; using correct terminology explaining the reasoning behind key points/claims and substantiating, as necessary/useful, points with several accurate and illuminating examples. No aspects of the required answer are missing. Use of Sources (worth a maximum of 20% of the total points). Zero points: Student failed to include citations and/or references. Or the student failed to submit a final paper. 5 out 20 points: Sources are seldom cited to support statements and/or format of citations are not recognizable as APA 6th Edition format. There are major errors in the formation of the references and citations. And/or there is a major reliance on highly questionable. The Student fails to provide an adequate synthesis of research collected for the paper. 10 out 20 points: References to scholarly sources are occasionally given; many statements seem unsubstantiated. Frequent errors in APA 6th Edition format, leaving the reader confused about the source of the information. There are significant errors of the formation in the references and citations. And/or there is a significant use of highly questionable sources. 15 out 20 points: Credible Scholarly sources are used effectively support claims and are, for the most part, clear and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition is used with only a few minor errors. There are minor errors in reference and/or citations. And/or there is some use of questionable sources. 20 points: Credible scholarly sources are used to give compelling evidence to support claims and are clearly and fairly represented. APA 6th Edition format is used accurately and consistently. The student uses above the maximum required references in the development of the assignment. Grammar (worth maximum of 20% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 5 points out of 20: The paper does not communicate ideas/points clearly due to inappropriate use of terminology and vague language; thoughts and sentences are disjointed or incomprehensible; organization lacking; and/or numerous grammatical, spelling/punctuation errors 10 points out 20: The paper is often unclear and difficult to follow due to some inappropriate terminology and/or vague language; ideas may be fragmented, wandering and/or repetitive; poor organization; and/or some grammatical, spelling, punctuation errors 15 points out of 20: The paper is mostly clear as a result of appropriate use of terminology and minimal vagueness; no tangents and no repetition; fairly good organization; almost perfect grammar, spelling, punctuation, and word usage. 20 points: The paper is clear, concise, and a pleasure to read as a result of appropriate and precise use of terminology; total coherence of thoughts and presentation and logical organization; and the essay is error free. Structure of the Paper (worth 10% of total points) Zero points: Student failed to submit the final paper. 3 points out of 10: Student needs to develop better formatting skills. The paper omits significant structural elements required for and APA 6th edition paper. Formatting of the paper has major flaws. The paper does not conform to APA 6th edition requirements whatsoever. 5 points out of 10: Appearance of final paper demonstrates the student’s limited ability to format the paper. There are significant errors in formatting and/or the total omission of major components of an APA 6th edition paper. They can include the omission of the cover page, abstract, and page numbers. Additionally the page has major formatting issues with spacing or paragraph formation. Font size might not conform to size requirements. The student also significantly writes too large or too short of and paper 7 points out of 10: Research paper presents an above-average use of formatting skills. The paper has slight errors within the paper. This can include small errors or omissions with the cover page, abstract, page number, and headers. There could be also slight formatting issues with the document spacing or the font Additionally the paper might slightly exceed or undershoot the specific number of required written pages for the assignment. 10 points: Student provides a high-caliber, formatted paper. This includes an APA 6th edition cover page, abstract, page number, headers and is double spaced in 12’ Times Roman Font. Additionally, the paper conforms to the specific number of required written pages and neither goes over or under the specified length of the paper.
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